The main function of the hair is to protect other organs from various infections and penetration of foreign bodies. Almost all parts of human body are covered with hair, except some parts (heels, hands and lips). In addition, hair retain heat, protecting our body from damage.
Health of hair depends on the condition of the skin. All the processes in the human body are closely interconnected. Even a minor malfunction in the immune or hormonal systems, constant stress and nervous breakdowns, psychological problems, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and other organs and systems will have an immediate effect on the skin and consequently on the condition of hair. Hair diseases also include dandruff, weakening and thinning hair, seborrhea, brittle and splitting hair. In most cases hair diseases are only symptoms of a disease of any organ or system. Based on the diagnostic examinations the doctor can advise the patient consulting a certain specialist: immunologist, dermatologist, and gastroenterologist.
Special attention in the treatment of diseases is paid to hereditary factor. It has been proved that the heredity has a direct impact on the development of a certain pathology. Specialists apply classical laboratory methods to set a proper diagnosis (microelementary and biochemical analysis of the composition of hair). Methods of micro-video diagnostics are also widely applied, helping identify the disease and its cause.
Collecting medical history the doctor specifies such important details as: duration, nature, dynamics of the disease, related diseases of the body, stress, assesses the type of nutrition and asks about taken medications.
The purpose of the examination varies and depending on the specific problems, it might be necessary to have more detailed characteristics of the hair condition (roots, tips, structure), to determine the degree of the oiliness and dryness of the skin, presence of dermatological diseases, allergic rash.
Almost every disease requires undertaking of tests and examinations. For example, in case of excessive hair loss, the doctor assigns additional laboratory tests: clinical, biochemical blood analysis, tests for thyroid and sex hormones, presence of transferine in the blood and immunogram. The tests can also be assigned by endocrinologist and women need gynecological consultation, after which the doctor can assign examination of the blood on hormones. Trichologists also recommend visit a gastroenterologist.