Age-related changes are among the reasons of hair loss. At a certain stage, the hair follicles cease to function. The cause is the extinction of hormones, reduced activity of the thyroid gland, chronic illness. In the elderly people often take many drugs, some of which can cause hair loss.
The causes of female hair loss are excessive use of hair dryers, curling irons, and coloring. Hair loss increases if these causes are superimposed on age-related changes.
Androgenic alopecia – is disease, which cause is a sensitivity of hair follicles to androgen hormones. The treatment of alopecia should be started from the determination of the cause of hair loss. A therapist or endocrinologist can set a diagnosis. The reason of diffuse alopecia may be the metabolic disorders, lack of iron, hypothyroidism.
Many drugs for hypertension that are frequently used by elderly eventually become the cause of hair loss. In this case, it is recommended to consult the doctor and change the medicine.
How the processes of menopause and hair loss are connected? The reason is the hormonal condition of the female organism. The main androgen in women is testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. The increase of the dihydrotestosterone level during menopause results in hair loss. The reason for this may be associated with impaired activities of the adrenal glands.
However, the complication occurs to no more than 8% of women.
During menopause, estrogen production decreases and the male hormones become dominant. They negatively affect the condition of the hair follicles.
The predominant amount of androgens in the woman’s body can be the reason for formation of androgenic alopecia. Hair loss in this period is the result of hormonal changes. Alopecia is a secondary process; however, many women (more than 40%) suffer from hair loss during menopause. Alopecia during menopause can be caused by multiple factors: heredity, stress, diseases, medicines, poor nutrition and others.
Smoking inevitable leads to serious hair loss, as it worsens the blood supply to the follicle.