Many people have dilated small vessels- telangiectasia on their skin. They can look like separate red veins or spider veins. In most cases, this defect affects the face, and on the legs it is usually accompanied by varicose veins.
Causes of telangiectasia:
- genetic predisposition;
- diseases of the liver;
- imbalance of female hormones;
- diseases of the veins;
- problems with blood clotting;
- pregnancy and childbirth.
The formation of this defect may be stimulated by:
- hormone therapy;
- surgical trauma;
- radiation therapy;
- excessive use of steroids;
- heavy physical work;
- incorrectly performed cleaning of the skin or deep facial peels;
- lasting presence in the solarium and in the sun;
- abuse of baths and saunas.
Spider veins never disappear by themselves, they only progress and become more noticeable.
Methods of correction
The doctor injects a microelectrode into the vessel, and then stimulates heating and bonding of the walls by an electric current. Blood supply stops and the vessel resolves.
This method is not appropriate for treatment of spider veins on the face, as it can lead to local burns, scars, and pigment spots.
The main argument in favor of sclerotherapy is a great extension (more than 0.5 mm). The doctor injects sclerosant into the vessel (it bonds the vessel). As a result, the blood supply stops of the vessels, which form the spider veins and the skin becomes brighter.
This procedure is suitable only for lower limbs, but not for face, neck and hands.
The removal of spider veins happens with the help of high frequency radio waves. This method is not traumatic and does not lead to the formation of edema and scars, that is why it can be used for the face.
The doctor injects ozone-oxygen mixture, which stimulates the oxidative processes and causes destruction of the walls. The procedure has no side effects and does not lead to formation of scars.
Laser technique has the same principle as electrocoagulation, but with the use of laser beam. Laser beam can be focused precisely on the spider vain, which makes this procedure not painful and helps avoid burning of the surrounding tissue. That is why laser treatment is ideal for face.
Which method is for you?
The choice of the method depends on the location of the spider veins, on its size and on the degree of capillary dilation. Only a specialist in clinical or cosmetic phlebology can choose the appropriate method.
It may also require consultations with endocrinologist, vascular surgeon, cardiologist, and gynecologist.