The first stage
It is necessary to take a smear on onco-cytology of the vaginal part of the cervix and cervical canal (PAP-test, liquid-based cytology) and the test for the human papilloma virus (HPV).
The second stage
The doctor performs colposcopy. It includes the examination of the vaginal entrance, vaginal walls and vaginal part of the cervix, using a special optical device. Such device helps a doctor examine the mucosa of the vaginal walls and the cervix. With the help of special tests, the doctor determines the presence of pathological processes.
The third stage
After the biopsy (out of day of menstruation), a “suspected” part of the skin is sent for histological examination to the laboratory. A woman can go home and come back when the results are ready.
The treatment is chosen according to the results of the diagnosis. It can be conservative, i.e. drugs and can be surgical – conization of cervix, excision of cervix, ablation of cervix.
Today, there are several types of surgical methods for the treatment of cervix: electro surgery, laser surgery, cryodestruction and radiowave surgery. Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages, but the best is radiowave surgery with “Surgitron” (USA). This energy allows careful and unpainful working with tissues and promotes faster healing.
Erosion (ulcer) is a defect mucous of the vaginal part of the cervix. It is a benign process and exists for 1-2 weeks. The reason for its appearance can be:
- Genital infections, dysbacteriosis of the vagina and inflammatory diseases of female sexual sphere
- Early sexual activity
- Frequent change of sexual partners
- Appearance of trauma (during childbirth and abortion, inappropriate use of certain types of contraception and due to improper douching, the trauma can also be acquired during sexual intercourse, menstrual irregularities due to hormonal problems)
It is important to understand that erosion is not a disease; it is a consequence of the damaging factor. If there is no threat of the cancer, we treat the erosion conservatively (with drugs) or using ablation.