Ultrasound examination – a safe non-invasive examination with the use of ultrasound waves in order to produce images of tissues and organs in the lower abdomen and pelvis. A Doppler ultrasound examination makes it possible to assess the blood flow in the examined organs and vessels of the pelvic area. Pelvic Ultrasound does not include ionizing radiation.
As for women, Pelvic Ultrasound is most commonly used for the assessment of: bladder, uterus and endometrium (inner mucous membrane of the uterus), cervix and fallopian tubes. In addition, ultrasound is used to diagnose pregnancy. Pelvic Ultrasound helps detect the reasons of the following symptoms: abdominal pain, abnormal bleeding from the genital tract, menstrual irregularities. Also, Ultrasound is used to prove the diagnose in case of pathological formations in the pelvis (ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, etc.).
Preparation for Pelvic Ultrasound
For the Transabdominal examination, the urinary bladder should be full. The patient should not urinate prior to the procedure for 3-4 hours and has to drink a liter of non-carbonated liquid one hour before the procedure. In addition, a patient has to have cleansing enema done before the procedure. Transvaginal examination is performed with an emptied bladder (including determination of pregnancy in the early stages).