Description

Thyroid ultrasound – is a secure external examination, using the sensor of high-frequency sound waves, to get the image of the organs and to evaluate their structure in real-time. Ionizing radiation is not used during medical ultrasound. During the procedure, the doctor can use ultrasound doppler echocardiography to evaluate the bloodstream in the detected pathological formation.

Thyroid Ultrasound is recommended for those who have difficulties in swallowing (lump in the throat), nervousness, insomnia, increased tearfulness and irritability, weight loss, weakness, fatigue, prolonged fever, heart palpitations, swelling of the face, obesity, dryness and dehydrations of the skin, fragility of nails. Medical ultrasound of thyroid is also indicated for persons older than 35 years old; for those who live in the area of iodine deficiency; for people, whose closest relatives have thyroid disease and diabetes; for persons who spend much time at the computer; for those whose work requires frequent journeys to different climate zones. Medical ultrasound of thyroid is also recommended for women planning pregnancy, because some thyroid diseases (for example hypothyroidism) may have a negative impact on pregnancy and on fetal development. As a rule, medical ultrasound of thyroid is assigned by an endocrinologist or gynecologist-endocrinologist.

Development of the procedure

Thyroid Ultrasound does not require any special preparation. During the procedure, the patient lies on a couch.

During the medical ultrasound of thyroid the doctor assesses the size of the organ, its volume and structure (the same density of all parts of the thyroid gland), and in case of presence of formations the also assesses their size, shape, nature, and characteristics of blood flow. Modern scanners allow diagnosing the formation with a diameter of 1 mm. Besides, the ultrasound helps evaluate the condition of the lymph nodes (situated near the thyroid gland), which change during the thyroid cancer. The volume of women’s thyroid is up to 18 cm3 (or ml) and the men’s is up to 25 cm3 (or ml). The size of the thyroid gland vary from patient to patient and therefore the doctor evaluates each individually. Normally, the thyroid should not contain cysts, sealing and the structure of the gland should be homogeneous. During some diseases, the size and the structure of the gland are changing.

After the medical ultrasound of the thyroid, the doctor makes a description of the picture and a medical assessment.

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Specialists

Лилия Наилевна
Фаррахова

Кандидат медицинских наук, врач акушер-гинеколог, врач ультразвуковой диагностики. Опыт работы более 12 лет.

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